Public Interest Litigation
The emergency of 1976 marked not just a political watershed in this country, but a judicial one as well. In the euphoria of the return to democracy and in an attempt to refurbish its image that had been tarnished by some emergency decisions, the Supreme Court of India opened the floodgates to Public Interest Litigation (PIL). Under PIL, courts take up cases that concern not the rights of the petitioner but of the public at large. In the last two decades, PIL has emerged as one of the most powerful tools for promoting social justice and for protecting the rights of the poor.
Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a right given to members of the public to maintain an action for judicial redressal of public injury such an injury may arise from breach of public duty or due to a violation of some provision of the constitution. Public Interest Litigation is basically meant for enforcement of fundamental and other legal rights of the people who are poor, weak, ignorant of legal redressal system or otherwise in a disadvantageous position due to their social or economic background.